Paul Reeves - Director - Pacific Coast Design

  • Diploma of Turf Management
  • Diploma of Business
  • Member & Secretary / Treasurer of Society of AustralianGolf Course Architects
    • Over 35 years experience in the Golf Industry
    • Has worked in design, construction maintenance and management areas of the industry


Efficient and sustainable projects must commence with that objective in mind


  • Efficient
    • Achieving the maximum result with the minimum wasted effort or expense
  • Sustainable
    • The ability to continue a defined behaviour indefinitely
      • Economically
      • Environmentally
      • Socially

Does the designer understand the clients objectives ?

  • What does the client want from the project and / or golf course
  • What has to be achieved for financial sustainability of the project
  • What obligations does the project need to conform with
  • Do the math and make a budget, check that it all stacks up

Site Master Planning

  • Plan the site with economic return / sustainability in mind
  • Plan with the balance of golf v non golf uses in mind
  • Identify and use the land with best economic return for right purpose
  • Understand and design for natural site hydrology
  • Think of the environmental consequences of the design elements

Avoid preconceived styles and work with the site

  • Let the natural form of the land create the style (i.e. parkland, links, heathland)
  • What natural site phenomena needs to incorporated into the design
  • Design the course with its' sustainability in mind
    • Target Market
    • Construction costs
    • Maintenance costs
    • Longeveity

Signature design V Professional Golf Architect

  • How does a "name" meet your marketing strategy
  • Does the target market know "the name"
  • Make your project its' own signature
  • What happens when the same "signature" opens another course in town or dies ?

Length - Championship V Membership

  • Does the project need + 7,200 yards when 6,800 yards test 95% of golfers
  • Each metre of golf use min 75m2, to add 400 yards = 6.6 acres (minimum)
  • Average length of top 20 world courses is 6978 (par 71)
  • Reduced length is:
    • Reduced golf land use
    • Reduced construction and maintenance costs

Some ideas for efficient design

  • How much earth do we really need to move?
  • Can we programme the construction seasonally?
  • Can surface shape be used for drainage ?
  • Does the course need to be sand-capped?
  • How much of the course needs to be irrigated?
  • Does every hazard need to be a bunker?
  • How much of the course requires hand work?
  • Does the course need to be +7,000 yards ?
  • Does the course require full cart paths?
  • What local products are available ?
  • Do we need to plant large / advanced trees ?

A final thought

Efficiency and sustainability in design and construction does not mean compromising standards, it means being smart and not wasting money, land, labour and other resources


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